The Orthodontist Melbourne Group Speak on Dental Decay
Remember how our mother used to always keep saying that brushing teeth in the morning and night is very important? Tooth decay, technically known as dental decay is a disease that has affected in large numbers to more than 30% of the worlds population. Scary statistic right? The main reason for this situation is a persons poor oral habits according to the Orthodontist Melbourne Group. Lets take a closer look at how dental decay actually occurs.
Dental decay happens mainly due to the plaque that forms as a result of the combined effects of food, saliva and bacteria. When these particles accumulate, plaque is formed around the teeth. The Bacteria that’s in the plaque then produces organic acids which in turn ears away at the tissue of the tooth. When a cavity is formed, the plaque will enter the tooth making it difficult to remove by simply brushing. When this type of dental decay worsens, it can become quite uncomfortable to eat foods such as sweets.
Poor oral habits such as not rinsing the teeth after meals, smoking and having a high intake of starch and sugary food can increase the chances of getting dental decay.
What are the symptoms of dental decay? Identifying them can be a bit difficult, as dental decay does not show any early signs. Once it has progressed into the inner shell of the tooth, the enamel will have spots that look chalk white in color. When dental decay progresses into deeper layers of the teeth and hits the nerves, individuals who suffer from it will feel pain and sensitivity when eating food.
Children and teenagers below the age of 20 are more prone to dental decay as they are the people who get a high intake of sugar in their diet. If you are determined in preventing dental decay, there are certain steps that could be exercised.
Poor oral hygiene means your teeth are more susceptible to being infected. Anyone from young to old can carry out the basics of oral hygiene. The Orthodontist Melbourne Group recommends brushing teeth twice a day, either in morning and night or soon after meals. Flossing of teeth could be done every other day. Additionally, one could go for regular dental check-ups once in three months.
A patient who is at a high risk of developing dental decay can apply a topical fluoride on the tooth surface to prevent the condition. Dental sealants are usually done on children. It prevents the formation of plaque on the teeth.